UNPUBLISHED THESES, REPORTS AND WHITE PAPERS

The downloadable documents on this page include working papers, unpublished manuscripts, conference and workshop handouts, and other archival material that is rare or unavailable from other sources.


Ayers, S., Potter, R., McDearmon, J., (1975)   Using Reinforcement Therapy and Precision Teaching Techniques With Adult Aphasics  J. Behav. Ther. & Exp. Psychiat. Vol. 6, pp. 301-305 Pergamon Press. This paper describes a treatment procedure combining reinforcement therapy with precision teaching techniques, applied to four adult aphasics. 

Barrett, B., (1981). Two Pictures of Journal Growth: Which Way is Up?  Presented as a poster paper at meeting of the Association for Behavior Analysis. Milwaukee, Wisconsin May 1981

Beck, R., Lovitt, T., Callahan, J., (1981). Precision Teaching Training: A Follow-Up Study, 1975-1980. This survey was supportted through a Title IV-C grant, State of Montana, Office of Public Instruction. Project personnel assisting in survey: Peggy Albrecht, Suellen Gabriel. Denise Conrad, and Connie Clement. 

Binder, C. (1977-1982). The data-sharing newsletter 1977-1982. Waltham, MA: Behavior Prosthesis Laboratory, Walter E. Fernald State School. Republished in 2005 by The Fluency Project, Inc. Originally published as a mimeographed meeting notice and report, this set of 38 newsletters captures many of the early discoveries and developments in Precision Teaching during the period in which it was written. It began as a communication tool for a handful of people in the Boston area who met monthly for "chart-sharing sessions" using the standard celeration chart, it eventually expanded to more than 400 subscribers around North America. Full of ideas that are as important today as they were then.

Binder, C. (1979). ​​ Measuring Response Rates in Associative Skill Development. An Unpublished Doctoral Working Paper. Harvard Experimental Psychology Department.

Binder, C. (1981). Note on Elements. 

Binder, C. (1987). Fluency-Building™. A White Paper from Precision Teaching and Management Systems, Inc. Newton Mass.

Binder, C., Haughton, E., & Bateman, B. (2002). Fluency: Achieving true mastery in the learning process. Professional Papers in Special Education. University of Virginia Curry School of Special Education (http://curry.edschool.virginia.edu/go/specialed/papers). This paper was prompted by Barbara Bateman, renowned special educator and lawyer, who requested a collaborative effort with the first two authors to make what is known about fluency available in plain English to a broader range of special educators and parents. Covers basic rationale and methodology for building fluency in basic skills.

Binder, C. (2000). Fluency and remembering. Carl acts as a consultant to the Haughton Learning Center, a program for children that uses methods based on the same principles and methods we use and develop. He wrote this article for the center newsletter.

Binder, C. (2001). Fluency Coaching Ideas from the Front Lines. Binder Riha Associates white paper. Key principles that ought to give you a "flavor" for good fluency coaching.


Brent, G. Precision Teaching: Principles and Applications. Glassboro State College, NJ.

Brent, G., & Arnold, M. (1977). Urban Applications of Precision Teaching to Reading. Paper presented at The International Reading Association Convention.


Desjardins, A. (1980). Letter on Big 6 Fluency Development to Dr. Leslie Wiedenman. For those working with young children and students with fine motor skill deficits, Dr. Eric Haughton's identification of "the big 6" behavior elements (reach, point, touch, grasp, place, release) was a major breakthrough when combined with Precision Teaching methods. This letter is one of the only documents we have that describes methods for developing these skills, sent by long-time practitioner Annie Desjardins to a colleague who requested information. It is a poor scanned copy of a 25-year old document, but is invaluable and still sought out by many teachers and therapists. 

Evans, J. L. (1961). Principles of Programmed Learning. Teaching Machines, Inc

Gaasholt, M. (1969). Evaluating Your Own Teaching Performance by Direct Recording.  Prepublication manuscript from the Department of Special Education, College of Education, University of Oregon.

George, F. (1975). Rate building in flashcard-to-worksheet transition with behaviorally retarded students. From Annual Report of the Behavior Prosthesis Department, July 1974-June 1975. Belmont, MA:  Walter E. Fernald State School.

Haring, N., Liberty, K., White, O.,  An Investigation of Phases of Learning and Facilitating Instructional Events For the Severely/Prodoundly Handicapped. College of Education, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. January, 1981. 


Haughton, E. (1969). Counting Together: Precision Teaching Rationale - 69. University of Oregon, Eugene.

Haughton, E. (1973) Performance Locking. List of suggestions for explaning a child's performance frequency plateau and/or a means of acceleration. Summer 1973 Elementary Cert. Faculty of Education York University.

Haughton, E. (1980). Practicing Practices. Journal of Precision Teaching.

Haughton, E. (1983). Refining Measurement. Loyalist College, Belleville, Ontario.

Haughton, E. A Metric Dozen of Practising Practices. A draft from the Hastings County Board of Education.

Haughton, E., ECE Communication Matrix.  Handwritten matrix of communication types.

Koenig, C. (1972) Charting the Future Course of Behavior. Dissertation, School of Education University of Kansas.

Kovacs, M., Haughton, E., (1979). A Practical Taxonomy of Normal Body Control and Beginning Skills.   This is a draft. The Hastings County Board of Education, Learning Outcome Programme, Education Centre. 

Kovacs, M., Haughton, E., (1980). Big 6 Timings. 


Kunzelmann, H. (1980). A Learning Metric. An Essay. Requested for Publication by Mediax Association, Inc. February 1980 in Human Diversity and the Assesment of Intellectual Development. 

Liberty, K. A. (1975). Decide for Progress: Dynamic Aims and Data Decisions. Working Paper No. 56 from the Experimental Education Unit and Child Development & Mental Retardation Center. University of Washington, Seattle. 

Markle, S. M. & Tiemann, P. W. (1970). Conceptual Learning and Instructional Design. Journal of Educational Technology, 1(5), 52-62. University of Illinois at Chicago Circle.

Pease, D. and George, F. (1975). Flashcards to Worksheets: Transitional Training in Normalization of Academic Behavior.  From Annual Report of the Behavior Prosthesis Department, July 1974-June 1975. Belmont, MA:  Walter E. Fernald State School.

Peatman, N., (1980) Letter concerning application of Precision Teaching Methods   Merrimack Special Education Collaborative, Chelmsford, MA

Porritt, M., and Poling, A. Fluency in Pigeons. A presentation from Western Michigan University.

Pollard, Jim (1986). Remembrances of Eric Haughton. This compilation of messages and letters was created by Jim Pollard in memory of Eric Haughton, co-founder with Ogden Lindsley of Precision Teaching, shortly after Eric passed away after a long battle with cancer. It presents the picture of a multifaceted man whose contributions far surpassed his publication list, and whose humanity helped to form the early culture of caring and sharing in Precision Teaching.

Pollard, J.,  A Task-Analytic Approach to Teaching the Effective Use of Toilet Paper. Prevocational Training Program, Merrimack Special Education Collaborative, Chelmsford, MA. 


Solsten, K., McManus, R., (1979) Vocational Assessment of 9 Autistic Students at Amego, Inc.   Final Report June 1979 for Vocation Assessment. Quincy, MA

White, O. and Alper, T. (1969). Precision Teaching: A Tool for the School Counselor and Teacher. Working Paper No. 26 from the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center in Mental Retardation. University of Oregon, Eugene.

White, O. R., and Liberty, K. A. Practical Classroom Measurement: Precision Teaching. An Experimental Education Unit at the University of Washington.


Yaracs, R., Olander, C.P., Ulrich, M.E., and McDade, C.E. Improvement of Analogizing Performance: A CAI-Mastery Approach.   ABA, May 1981 Jacksonville State University

Zimmerman, C., (1968)   Accelerating 9's At Home.   An article presented to Grade Teacher Magazine. University of Oregon